The oldest carpet in the world, the Persian handwritten carpet, was discovered in 1949 in the second stage of the Russian archaeologist's exploration, Rudenko, in the Pazirik region, called the Pazyriki carpet.
In a book published on the occasion of these discoveries in Russia in 1953, Rudenko described a detailed description of the artifical carpet, expressing explicitly the work of Iran and the oldest Iranian carpet in the world. He wrote: "Without the fact that we can definitely say which carpet is one of the land of Mad-Parth (Old Khorasan) or Pars, the history of the carpet and the fabrics found in Pazirik was the fifth or early fourth century BC "He then adds:" The history of this carpet is determined by the shape of horse-drawn riders. The manner in which the war horses spread beyond the saddle of the carpet on their back and the cloth on the horse's breasts is characteristic of the Assyrians, but on the pazirik's carpet, various details and harp-tail tie patterns are also featured in the impressive designs of Persepolis. "
During the reign of the Mongols (thirteenth and fourteenth centuries), carpet weaving reached a very high level of beauty and technique. The flourishing of this industry may have coincided with the rule of Ghazan Khan (1307-1295 AD).
But the height of the Iranian classical carp, which is referred to as the Renaissance of Iranian carpets, dates back to the time of the Safavid kings (1499-1722 AD), especially during the reign of Shah Tahmasb I (1524-1587 AD) and Shah Abbas the Great (AD 1587-1629). They are From this era, there are about 3000 carpet boards stored in the world's major collections or in personal collections.
During this period, next to the kings' palaces, weaving carpet workshops are being built. Various centers that previously existed in Tabriz, Isfahan, Kashan, Mashhad, Kerman, Yoghdagh, Yazd, Astarabad, Herat and northern states such as Shirvans, Garabagh and Gilan, were more developed and thriving they got.
At the same time, the high-level painters and photographers introduced a summed-up scheme of combining bergamot in the middle of the carpet and lattices. That is, the same design that used to be used on the cover of precious books in the 15th century.
With the occupation of the country by the Afghans (1721-1722 AD), this industry and art degenerated.
In the nineteenth century Iranian carpets, especially the carpets of the Tabriz area, came to Europe. From the European countries, delegates were sent to all the countries of the East and, by intensive competition, collected all antique and antique carpets to Constantinople, which was still the most important market for Oriental carpets.
With the end of the old carpets, the British and German companies Ziegler (1883), the Americans and Germans, indefinitely set up workshops in Tabriz, Sultan Abad (Arak), Kerman. This was continued until World War I, where carpet production increased significantly.
The first carpet was most likely to be woven by tent people to carpet the dirt floor of their tent. But it's possible that the carpet was invented by Egyptians, or by the Chinese, or even by other people. And even the possibility that all these people have invented the carpet themselves without having to communicate or have any contact with each other.
We surely reached the highest point of the weaving carpet in the five centuries BC. This was discovered by the Russian archaeologists Rudenko and Gryazenov in 1949 in the Pazirik valley, known almost 5,000 feet in the Altai Mountains, known as the "knotted carpet".
Pazirik carpet is a rare and beautifully crafted, woven technique. Pazirik carpet, which lasts for 2400 or 2500 years, was found in the frozen tombs of the head of the Sites in Mongolia, which was kept very well.
In the history of Iran, carpet weaving and carpet weaving have become a specialty of art.
When Cyrus the Great conquered Babylonia in 539 BC, he introduced the industry and art of carpets to his country. It was said that it was worn with the most expensive carpets in the cemetery of Cyrus, which was buried in Persepolis. Even before him, the desert people had information about knitting rugs. They took good and durable wool from their flocks of sheep and goats.
The first evidence of the existence of carpets in the Chinese writings is the Sassanid Dynasty, which dates from 224 to 641 AD. In 628, the Emperor Heraclitus brought some carpet after the victory to the city of Tisfun, the capital of the Sasanians. When the Arabs overcame the city of Ctesiphon in 637 AD, and looted the city, there was a considerable amount of carpet, one of which was the famous garden carpet called "Spring of Khosrow." This carpet was the most precious carpet in history. Carpets that were woven 90 square feet during the reign of Khosrow I (571-571), described by Arab historians as such: the corners of this magnificent bed are blue, red, white, yellow, and green; The color of the background is a copy of the earth in golden color, crystals of crystal clearness, which are vividly imagined from the water, plants with silvery and fruits with stone color, but unfortunately, the Arabs sold this precious carpet into small pieces and sold separately. .
After the reign of the Arab caliphs, one of the Turkic tribes, called Seljuk, conquered Iran. The Seljuq dynasty (1194-1038) is important in terms of the history of carpet in Iran. Seljuk women had a particular degree of carpet weaving with Turkish knot, in the provinces of Azerbaijan and Hamedan, which was much influenced by the Seljuqs, Turkish knots were used during this period.
The Mongol invasion (1249-1449) was the first brutal attack on Iran, but after a while they were under Iranian influence. The city of Tabriz, belonging to the leader of the Ilkhanites, Ghazan Khan (1295-1304), was covered with expensive carpets. The ruler of the Mongols of Shahrokh (1446-1409) who was rebuilding what was destroyed by the Mongol invasion to encourage and encourage all the artists and tourists of the land and country